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Parts of Speech-Introduction

2014年6月8日

Traditionally, there are 8 parts of speech. These parts have duties into sentences and each of them are the elements of Grammar.

This is the summary of 8 parts of speech and with some samples.

Verb

Function or "Job": action or state

Example Words: (to) be, have, do, like, work, sing, can, must

Example Sentences : English is a language. I like English very much.

Noun

Function or "Job": thing or person

Example Words: pen, dog, work, music, town, London, teacher, John

Example Sentences : This is my dog. He lives in my house. We live in London.

Adjective

Function or "Job": describes a noun

Example Words: a/an, the, 2, some, good, big, red, well, interesting

Example Sentences : I have two dogs. My dogs are big. I like big dogs.

Adverb

Function or "Job": describes a verb, adjective or adverb

Example Words: quickly, silently, well, badly, very, really

Example Sentences : My dog eats quickly. When he is very hungry, he eats really quickly.

Pronoun

Function or "Job": replaces a noun

Example Words: I, you, he, she, some

Example Sentences : Tara is Indian. She is beautiful.

Preposition

Function or "Job": links a noun to another word

Example Words: to, at, after, on, but

Example Sentences : We went to school on Monday.

Conjunction

Function or "Job": joins clauses or sentences or words

Example Words: and, but, when

Example Sentences : I like dogs and I like cats. I like cats and dogs. I like dogs but I don't like cats.

Interjection

Function or "Job": short exclamation, sometimes inserted into a sentence

Example Words: oh!, ouch!, hi!, well

Example Sentences : Ouch! That hurts! Hi! How are you? Well, I don't know.

Some grammar sources categorize English into 9 or 10 parts of speech. Examples of other categorizations are :

  • Verbs may be treated as two different parts of speech:

Lexical Verbs: (Work,like,run)

Auxiliary Verbs : (Be,have,must)

  • Determiners: May be treated as a seperate part of speech, instead of being categorized under Adjectives.

If you are interested in more details, please check out my lesson -->  http://cafetalk.com/lessons/detail/?id=19679


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