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Tutor Ben_N 's Column

あなたはどっち?朝型 vs 夜型

Weekly Topic: Are you an early bird or a night owl?

Oct 4, 2020


こんにちは、カフェトーク、英会話講師のBenです。
 
秋の夜長をエンジョイしすぎて、つい夜更かし・・・私と同じ方いますか?笑
 
 
1日の中で、お昼からエンジンがかかり、夜にかけて元気なので、私は夜型人間なのだと思います。
 
ちなみに、英語では朝方人間は、a morning person、夜型人間は a night personと言います。実は、この朝型、夜型、自分でチェックする方法(A Self Assessment Questionnaire)があるんです。リーディングもかねて、一緒に英語でトライしてみませんか?
 
 
ということで、今日は今週のお題、「あなたは朝型?夜型?」をテーマに、コラムをお届けしたいと思います!
 
 
目次
■ まずはウォーミングアップ!語彙の意味を確かめよう
■ Are You an Early Bird or a Night Owl?
■ あなたのスコアは何点?
■ おまけ:あの人との雑談ネタに【Discussion Questions】
 


まずはウォーミングアップ!語彙の意味を確かめよう
 
 
Words & Meaning

Words         Pronunciation                 Meaning
entirely          [ɪnˈtaɪərli]                        完全に
to be dependent on      [tu bi dɪˈpɛndənt ɑn]          ~に頼っている
fairly easy        [ˈfɛrli ˈizi]                         わりと容易
alert           [əˈlɜrt]                            きびきびとした、目覚めている
appetite         [ˈæpəˌtaɪt]                       食欲
refreshed           [riˈfrɛʃt]                           そう快である
commitment         [kəˈmɪtmənt]                   約束
seldom           [ˈsɛldəm]                        まったく~ない
reasonable         [ˈrizənəbəl]                       わりに、まあまあ
be in reasonable form  [bi ɪn ˈrizənəbəl fɔrm]       わりに実行できる
particular time       [pərˈtɪkjələr taɪm]            特定の時間
doze           [doʊz]                            うとうとする
five consecutive hours  [faɪv kənˈsɛkjətɪv ˈaʊərz]  5時間連続して
moderately         [ˈmɑdərətli]                      適度に、ほどほどに
 

 
https://drive.google.com/file/d/1_RQ3V6Nhh0tnxdiHUlPm4dEpcvHDXByT/view?usp=sharing

Are You an Early Bird or a Night Owl?

では、診断をはじめましょう。

引用元:
Quiz: Are You an Early Bird or a Night Owl? | Real Simple
 
Adapted from Horne, J. A. and O. Ostberg (1976) "A Self Assessment Questionnaire to Determine Morningness to Eveningness in Human Circadian Rhythms", International Journal of Chronobiology, 4, 97 to 110.
 
What time would you get up if you were entirely free to plan your own day?
A. 5 to 6:30 a.m. (5 points)
B. 6:30 to 7:45 a.m. (4 points)
C. 7:45 to 9:45 a.m. (3 points)
D. 9:45 to 11 a.m. (2 points)
E. 11 a.m. to noon (1 point)
 
 
What time would you go to bed if you were entirely free to plan your evening?
A. 8 p.m. to 9 p.m. (5 points)
B. 9 p.m. to 10:15 p.m. (4 points)
C. 10:15 p.m. to 12:30 a.m. (3 points)
D. 12:30 a.m. to 1:45 a.m. (2 points)
E. 1:45 a.m. to 3 a.m. (1 point)
 
 
How dependent are you on being woken up by an alarm clock?
A. Not at all (4 points)
B. Slightly dependent (3 points)
C. Fairly dependent (2 points)
D. Very dependent (1 point)
 
 
How easy do you find getting up in the mornings?
A. Not at all (1 point)
B. Not very easy (2 points)
C. Fairly easy (3 points)
D. Very easy (4 points)
 
 
 
How alert do you feel during the first half-hour after having woken in the morning?
A. Not at all (1 point)
B. Not very alert (2 points)
C. Fairly alert (3 points)
D. Very alert (4 points)
 
 
How is your appetite during the first half-hour after having woken in the morning?
A. Very poor (1 point)
B. Fairly poor (2 points)
C. Fairly good (3 points)
D. Very good (4 points)
 
 
During the first half-hour after having woken in the morning, how tired do you feel?
A. Very tired (1 point)
B. Fairly tired (2 points)
C. Fairly refreshed (3 points)
D. Very refreshed (4 points)
 
 
When you have no commitments the next day, at what time do you go to bed compared to your usual bedtime?
A. Seldom or never later (4 points)
B. Less than one hour later (3 points)
C. 1 to 2 hours later (2 points)
D. More than two hours later (1 point)
 
 
How well would you perform one hour’s worth of physical exercise between 7 a.m. and 8 a.m.?
A. Would be in good form (4 points)
B. Would be in reasonable form (3 points)
C. Would find it difficult (2 points)
D. Would find it very difficult (1 point)
 
 
 
When do you feel tired and in need of sleep?
A. 8 p.m. to 9 p.m. (5 points)
B. 9 p.m. to 10:15 p.m. (4 points)
C. 10:15 p.m. to 12:30 a.m. (3 points)
D. 12:30 a.m. to 1:45 a.m. (2 points)
E. 1:45 a.m. to 3 a.m. (1 point)
 
 
Which one of the four testing times would you choose to take a two-hour test?
A. 8 a.m. to 10 a.m. (4 points)
B. 11 a.m. to 1 p.m. (3 points)
C. 3 p.m. to 5 p.m. (2 points)
D. 7 p.m. to 9 p.m. (1 point)
 
 
If you went to bed at 11 p.m., how tired would you be?
A. Not at all (0 points)
B. A little tired (2 points)
C. Fairly tired (3 points)
D. Very tired (5 points)
 
 
If you go to bed much later than usual, but don’t need to get up at any particular time the next morning, which one of the following events are you most likely to experience?
A. Will wake up at usual time and will not fall asleep (4 points)
B. Will wake up at usual time but will doze (3 points)
C. Will wake up at usual time but will fall asleep again (2 points)
D. Will not wake up at usual time (1 point)
 
 
If you had to stay awake between 4 a.m. and 6 a.m. and you had no commitments the next day, which one of the following alternatives would you choose?
A. Would not go to bed until after 6 a.m. (1 point)
B. Would take a nap before 4 a.m. and then sleep after (2 points)
C. Would take a good sleep before 4 a.m. and then nap after (3 points)
D. Would take all sleep before 4 a.m. (4 points)
 
 
 
You have to do two hours of hard physical work. You are entirely free to plan your day. Which one of the following times would you choose most to do stuff?
A. 8 a.m. to 10 a.m. (4 points)
B. 11 a.m. to 1 p.m. (3 points)
C. 3 p.m. to 5 p.m. (2 points)
D. 7 p.m. to 9 p.m. (1 point)
 
 
You are planning a hard physical workout with a friend. You will do this for one hour twice a week. The best time for your friend is between 10 p.m. and 11 p.m. How well do you think you would perform at this time?
A. Would be in good form (1 point)
B. Would be in reasonable form (2 points)
C. Would find it difficult (3 points)
D. Would find it very difficult (4 points)
 
 
Suppose that you’ve graduated high school and you can choose your own work hours. Assume you work a 5-hour day (including breaks) at an interesting job and are paid by your results. Which five consecutive hours would you select?
A. 3 a.m. to 7:30 a.m. (5 points)
B. 7:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. (4 points)
C. Between 9 a.m. and 2 p.m. (3 points)
D. Between 2 p.m. and 7 p.m. (2 points)
E. 5 p.m. to 3 a.m. (1 point)
 
 
At what time of the day do you think that you reach your “feeling best” peak?
A. 4 a.m. to 7:30 a.m. (5 points)
B. 7:30 to 9:30 a.m. (4 points)
C. Between 9:30 a.m. and 4:30 p.m. (3 points)
D. Between 4:30 p.m. and 9:30 p.m. (2 points)
E. 9:30 p.m. to 4 a.m. (1 point)
 
 
Do you think you are a “morning” or an “evening” type of person?
A. Definitely a “morning” type (6 points)
B. Probably a “morning” type (3 points)
C. Probably an “evening” type (2 points)
D. Definitely an “evening” type (1 point)
 
 
 
あなたのスコアは何点?
 
Score results:
70 to 86: Definitely a morning type (超朝型!)
59 to 69: Moderately a morning type (朝型)
42 to 58: Neither type (中間型)
31 to 41: Moderately an evening type (夜型)
16 to 30: Definitely an evening type (超夜型!)
 
 
さて、ここまでのテストお疲れ様でした。結果はいかがでしたでしょうか。
 
私は36点で、Moderately an evening type (夜型)という結果でした。笑
 
 
コメント欄で結果をシェアしていただくと、面白いかも^^


 
 
おまけ:あの人との雑談ネタに【Discussion Questions】
 
カフェトークの先生や、お友達との雑談ネタに。ぜひお使いください(*- -)(*_ _)ペコリ

 
1. Are you a night owl or a morning person?
2. When do you do your most creative work and why?
3. In your opinion, what is the main function of sleep? Why do some people need more sleep than others?
 
 
朝型、夜型は遺伝子で決まっているそうで、大事なことは十分に睡眠を取ること。睡眠時間が7時間以下の成人は、30%が肥満という研究もあります。
 
 
自分にあった活動時間も、睡眠時間も十人十色。無理せず自分らしく、いたわりながら過ごしたいですね。
 
 
今週も最後までお読みいただき、ありがとうございました。






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発音、特に、英語独自のアクセントを習得するメリットは、たくさんあります。スピーキング上で、コミュニケーションが円滑になるだけではありません。ネイティブの音が拾えるようになり、リスニング力の向上が見込めます。また、英語のリズムがつかめるので、リーディング時のチャンキング(文の区切り)がうまくなり、自然と読むことが楽になります。


発音の学習は、早ければ早いほどいいのは言うまでもありません。授業を離れても、学習したその日から、将来英語学習が終わるまで、英語に触れるその日その日が練習のチャンスへと変わるのです。これこそが、私がすべての方に発音レッスンをオススメしたい1番の理由です。



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